; ; SIP Configuration example for Asterisk ; ; SIP dial strings ;----------------------------------------------------------- ; In the dialplan (extensions.conf) you can use several ; syntaxes for dialing SIP devices. ; SIP/devicename ; SIP/username@domain (SIP uri) ; SIP/username[:password[:md5secret[:authname[:transport]]]]@host[:port] ; SIP/devicename/extension ; ; ; Devicename ; devicename is defined as a peer in a section below. ; ; username@domain ; Call any SIP user on the Internet ; (Don't forget to enable DNS SRV records if you want to use this) ; ; devicename/extension ; If you define a SIP proxy as a peer below, you may call ; SIP/proxyhostname/user or SIP/user@proxyhostname ; where the proxyhostname is defined in a section below ; This syntax also works with ATA's with FXO ports ; ; SIP/username[:password[:md5secret[:authname]]]@host[:port] ; This form allows you to specify password or md5secret and authname ; without altering any authentication data in config. ; Examples: ; ; SIP/*98@mysipproxy ; SIP/sales:topsecret::email@example.com:5062 ; SIP/12345678::bc53f0ba8ceb1ded2b70e05c3f91de4f:firstname.lastname@example.org ; ; All of these dial strings specify the SIP request URI. ; In addition, you can specify a specific To: header by adding an ; exclamation mark after the dial string, like ; ; SIP/sales@email@example.com ; ; CLI Commands ; ------------------------------------------------------------- ; Useful CLI commands to check peers/users: ; sip show peers Show all SIP peers (including friends) ; sip show users Show all SIP users (including friends) ; sip show registry Show status of hosts we register with ; ; sip set debug on Show all SIP messages ; ; module reload chan_sip.so Reload configuration file ; Active SIP peers will not be reconfigured ; ;------- Naming devices ------------------------------------------------------ ; ; When naming devices, make sure you understand how Asterisk matches calls ; that come in. ; 1. Asterisk checks the SIP From: address username and matches against ; names of devices with type=user ; The name is the text between square brackets [name] ; 2. Asterisk checks the From: addres and matches the list of devices ; with a type=peer ; 3. Asterisk checks the IP address (and port number) that the INVITE ; was sent from and matches against any devices with type=peer ; ; Don't mix extensions with the names of the devices. Devices need a unique ; name. The device name is *not* used as phone numbers. Phone numbers are ; anything you declare as an extension in the dialplan (extensions.conf). ; ; When setting up trunks, make sure there's no risk that any From: username ; (caller ID) will match any of your device names, because then Asterisk ; might match the wrong device. ; ; Note: The parameter "username" is not the username and in most cases is ; not needed at all. Check below. In later releases, it's renamed ; to "defaultuser" which is a better name, since it is used in ; combination with the "defaultip" setting. ;----------------------------------------------------------------------------- ; ** Deprecated configuration options ** ; The "call-limit" configuation option is deprecated. It still works in ; this version of Asterisk, but will disappear in the next version. ; You are encouraged to use the dialplan groupcount functionality ; to enforce call limits instead of using this channel-specific method. ; ; You can still set limits per device in sip.conf or in a database by using ; "setvar" to set variables that can be used in the dialplan for various limits. [general] context=default ; Default context for incoming calls ;allowguest=no ; Allow or reject guest calls (default is yes) ;match_auth_username=yes ; if available, match user entry using the ; 'username' field from the authentication line ; instead of the From: field. allowoverlap=no ; Disable overlap dialing support. (Default is yes) ;allowtransfer=no ; Disable all transfers (unless enabled in peers or users) ; Default is enabled ;realm=mydomain.tld ; Realm for digest authentication ; defaults to "asterisk". If you set a system name in ; asterisk.conf, it defaults to that system name ; Realms MUST be globally unique according to RFC 3261 ; Set this to your host name or domain name udpbindaddr=0.0.0.0 ; IP address to bind UDP listen socket to (0.0.0.0 binds to all) ; Optionally add a port number, 192.168.1.1:5062 (default is port 5060) ; ; Note that the TCP and TLS support for chan_sip is currently considered ; experimental. Since it is new, all of the related configuration options are ; subject to change in any release. If they are changed, the changes will ; be reflected in this sample configuration file, as well as in the UPGRADE.txt file. ; tcpenable=no ; Enable server for incoming TCP connections (default is no) tcpbindaddr=0.0.0.0 ; IP address for TCP server to bind to (0.0.0.0 binds to all interfaces) ; Optionally add a port number, 192.168.1.1:5062 (default is port 5060) ;tlsenable=no ; Enable server for incoming TLS (secure) connections (default is no) ;tlsbindaddr=0.0.0.0 ; IP address for TLS server to bind to (0.0.0.0) binds to all interfaces) ; Optionally add a port number, 192.168.1.1:5063 (default is port 5061) ; Remember that the IP address must match the common name (hostname) in the ; certificate, so you don't want to bind a TLS socket to multiple IP addresses. ;tlscertfile=asterisk.pem ; Certificate file (*.pem only) to use for TLS connections ; default is to look for "asterisk.pem" in current directory ;tlscafile=</path/to/certificate> ; If the server your connecting to uses a self signed certificate ; you should have their certificate installed here so the code can ; verify the authenticity of their certificate. ;tlscadir=</path/to/ca/dir> ; A directory full of CA certificates. The files must be named with ; the CA subject name hash value. ; (see man SSL_CTX_load_verify_locations for more info) ;tlsdontverifyserver=[yes|no] ; If set to yes, don't verify the servers certificate when acting as ; a client. If you don't have the server's CA certificate you can ; set this and it will connect without requiring tlscafile to be set. ; Default is no. ;tlscipher=<SSL cipher string> ; A string specifying which SSL ciphers to use or not use ; A list of valid SSL cipher strings can be found at: ; http://www.openssl.org/docs/apps/ciphers.html#CIPHER_STRINGS srvlookup=yes ; Enable DNS SRV lookups on outbound calls ; Note: Asterisk only uses the first host ; in SRV records ; Disabling DNS SRV lookups disables the ; ability to place SIP calls based on domain ; names to some other SIP users on the Internet ; Specifying a port in a SIP peer definition or ; when dialing outbound calls will supress SRV ; lookups for that peer or call. ;pedantic=yes ; Enable checking of tags in headers, ; international character conversions in URIs ; and multiline formatted headers for strict ; SIP compatibility (defaults to "no") ; See qos.tex or Quality of Service section of asterisk.pdf for a description of these parameters. ;tos_sip=cs3 ; Sets TOS for SIP packets. ;tos_audio=ef ; Sets TOS for RTP audio packets. ;tos_video=af41 ; Sets TOS for RTP video packets. ;tos_text=af41 ; Sets TOS for RTP text packets. ;cos_sip=3 ; Sets 802.1p priority for SIP packets. ;cos_audio=5 ; Sets 802.1p priority for RTP audio packets. ;cos_video=4 ; Sets 802.1p priority for RTP video packets. ;cos_text=3 ; Sets 802.1p priority for RTP text packets. ;maxexpiry=3600 ; Maximum allowed time of incoming registrations ; and subscriptions (seconds) ;minexpiry=60 ; Minimum length of registrations/subscriptions (default 60) ;defaultexpiry=120 ; Default length of incoming/outgoing registration ;qualifyfreq=60 ; Qualification: How often to check for the ; host to be up in seconds ; Set to low value if you use low timeout for ; NAT of UDP sessions ;notifymimetype=text/plain ; Allow overriding of mime type in MWI NOTIFY ;buggymwi=no ; Cisco SIP firmware doesn't support the MWI RFC ; fully. Enable this option to not get error messages ; when sending MWI to phones with this bug. ;vmexten=voicemail ; dialplan extension to reach mailbox sets the ; Message-Account in the MWI notify message ; defaults to "asterisk" ;disallow=all ; First disallow all codecs ;allow=ulaw ; Allow codecs in order of preference ;allow=ilbc ; see doc/rtp-packetization for framing options ; ; This option specifies a preference for which music on hold class this channel ; should listen to when put on hold if the music class has not been set on the ; channel with Set(CHANNEL(musicclass)=whatever) in the dialplan, and the peer ; channel putting this one on hold did not suggest a music class. ; ; This option may be specified globally, or on a per-user or per-peer basis. ; ;mohinterpret=default ; ; This option specifies which music on hold class to suggest to the peer channel ; when this channel places the peer on hold. It may be specified globally or on ; a per-user or per-peer basis. ; ;mohsuggest=default ; ;parkinglot=plaza ; Sets the default parking lot for call parking ; This may also be set for individual users/peers ; Parkinglots are configured in features.conf ;language=en ; Default language setting for all users/peers ; This may also be set for individual users/peers ;relaxdtmf=yes ; Relax dtmf handling ;trustrpid = no ; If Remote-Party-ID should be trusted ;sendrpid = yes ; If Remote-Party-ID should be sent ;prematuremedia=no ; Some ISDN links send empty media frames before ; the call is in ringing or progress state. The SIP ; channel will then send 183 indicating early media ; which will be empty - thus users get no ring signal. ; Setting this to "no" will stop any media before we have ; call progress. Default is "no". ;progressinband=never ; If we should generate in-band ringing always ; use 'never' to never use in-band signalling, even in cases ; where some buggy devices might not render it ; Valid values: yes, no, never Default: never ;useragent=Asterisk PBX ; Allows you to change the user agent string ; The default user agent string also contains the Asterisk ; version. If you don't want to expose this, change the ; useragent string. ;sdpsession=Asterisk PBX ; Allows you to change the SDP session name string, (s=) ; Like the useragent parameter, the default user agent string ; also contains the Asterisk version. ;sdpowner=root ; Allows you to change the username field in the SDP owner string, (o=) ; This field MUST NOT contain spaces ;promiscredir = no ; If yes, allows 302 or REDIR to non-local SIP address ; Note that promiscredir when redirects are made to the ; local system will cause loops since Asterisk is incapable ; of performing a "hairpin" call. ;usereqphone = no ; If yes, ";user=phone" is added to uri that contains ; a valid phone number ;dtmfmode = rfc2833 ; Set default dtmfmode for sending DTMF. Default: rfc2833 ; Other options: ; info : SIP INFO messages (application/dtmf-relay) ; shortinfo : SIP INFO messages (application/dtmf) ; inband : Inband audio (requires 64 kbit codec -alaw, ulaw) ; auto : Use rfc2833 if offered, inband otherwise ;compactheaders = yes ; send compact sip headers. ; ;videosupport=yes ; Turn on support for SIP video. You need to turn this ; on in this section to get any video support at all. ; You can turn it off on a per peer basis if the general ; video support is enabled, but you can't enable it for ; one peer only without enabling in the general section. ; If you set videosupport to "always", then RTP ports will ; always be set up for video, even on clients that don't ; support it. This assists callfile-derived calls and ; certain transferred calls to use always use video when ; available. [yes|NO|always] ;maxcallbitrate=384 ; Maximum bitrate for video calls (default 384 kb/s) ; Videosupport and maxcallbitrate is settable ; for peers and users as well ;callevents=no ; generate manager events when sip ua ; performs events (e.g. hold) ;authfailureevents=no ; generate manager "peerstatus" events when peer can't ; authenticate with Asterisk. Peerstatus will be "rejected". ;alwaysauthreject = yes ; When an incoming INVITE or REGISTER is to be rejected, ; for any reason, always reject with an identical response ; equivalent to valid username and invalid password/hash ; instead of letting the requester know whether there was ; a matching user or peer for their request. This reduces ; the ability of an attacker to scan for valid SIP usernames. ;g726nonstandard = yes ; If the peer negotiates G726-32 audio, use AAL2 packing ; order instead of RFC3551 packing order (this is required ; for Sipura and Grandstream ATAs, among others). This is ; contrary to the RFC3551 specification, the peer _should_ ; be negotiating AAL2-G726-32 instead :-( ;outboundproxy=proxy.provider.domain ; send outbound signaling to this proxy, not directly to the devices ;outboundproxy=proxy.provider.domain:8080 ; send outbound signaling to this proxy, not directly to the devices ;outboundproxy=proxy.provider.domain,force ; Send ALL outbound signalling to proxy, ignoring route: headers ;outboundproxy=tls://proxy.provider.domain ; same as '=proxy.provider.domain' except we try to connect with tls ; ; (could also be tcp,udp) - defining transports on the proxy line only ; ; applies for the global proxy, otherwise use the transport= option ;matchexterniplocally = yes ; Only substitute the externip or externhost setting if it matches ; your localnet setting. Unless you have some sort of strange network ; setup you will not need to enable this. ;dynamic_exclude_static = yes ; Disallow all dynamic hosts from registering ; as any IP address used for staticly defined ; hosts. This helps avoid the configuration ; error of allowing your users to register at ; the same address as a SIP provider. ;contactdeny=0.0.0.0/0.0.0.0 ; Use contactpermit and contactdeny to ;contactpermit=172.16.0.0/255.255.0.0 ; restrict at what IPs your users may ; register their phones. ; The shrinkcallerid function removes '(', ' ', ')', non-trailing '.', and '-' not ; in square brackets. For example, the caller id value 555.5555 becomes 5555555 ; when this option is enabled. Disabling this option results in no modification ; of the caller id value, which is necessary when the caller id represents something ; that must be preserved. This option can only be used in the [general] section. ; By default this option is on. ; ;shrinkcallerid=yes ; on by default ; ; If regcontext is specified, Asterisk will dynamically create and destroy a ; NoOp priority 1 extension for a given peer who registers or unregisters with ; us and have a "regexten=" configuration item. ; Multiple contexts may be specified by separating them with '&'. The ; actual extension is the 'regexten' parameter of the registering peer or its ; name if 'regexten' is not provided. If more than one context is provided, ; the context must be specified within regexten by appending the desired ; context after '@'. More than one regexten may be supplied if they are ; separated by '&'. Patterns may be used in regexten. ; ;regcontext=sipregistrations ;regextenonqualify=yes ; Default "no" ; If you have qualify on and the peer becomes unreachable ; this setting will enforce inactivation of the regexten ; extension for the peer ; ;--------------------------- SIP timers ---------------------------------------------------- ; These timers are used primarily in INVITE transactions. ; The default for Timer T1 is 500 ms or the measured run-trip time between ; Asterisk and the device if you have qualify=yes for the device. ; ;t1min=100 ; Minimum roundtrip time for messages to monitored hosts ; Defaults to 100 ms ;timert1=500 ; Default T1 timer ; Defaults to 500 ms or the measured round-trip ; time to a peer (qualify=yes). ;timerb=32000 ; Call setup timer. If a provisional response is not received ; in this amount of time, the call will autocongest ; Defaults to 64*timert1 ;--------------------------- RTP timers ---------------------------------------------------- ; These timers are currently used for both audio and video streams. The RTP timeouts ; are only applied to the audio channel. ; The settings are settable in the global section as well as per device ; ;rtptimeout=60 ; Terminate call if 60 seconds of no RTP or RTCP activity ; on the audio channel ; when we're not on hold. This is to be able to hangup ; a call in the case of a phone disappearing from the net, ; like a powerloss or grandma tripping over a cable. ;rtpholdtimeout=300 ; Terminate call if 300 seconds of no RTP or RTCP activity ; on the audio channel ; when we're on hold (must be > rtptimeout) ;rtpkeepalive=<secs> ; Send keepalives in the RTP stream to keep NAT open ; (default is off - zero) ;--------------------------- SIP Session-Timers (RFC 4028)------------------------------------ ; SIP Session-Timers provide an end-to-end keep-alive mechanism for active SIP sessions. ; This mechanism can detect and reclaim SIP channels that do not terminate through normal ; signaling procedures. Session-Timers can be configured globally or at a user/peer level. ; The operation of Session-Timers is driven by the following configuration parameters: ; ; * session-timers - Session-Timers feature operates in the following three modes: ; originate : Request and run session-timers always ; accept : Run session-timers only when requested by other UA ; refuse : Do not run session timers in any case ; The default mode of operation is 'accept'. ; * session-expires - Maximum session refresh interval in seconds. Defaults to 1800 secs. ; * session-minse - Minimum session refresh interval in seconds. Defualts to 90 secs. ; * session-refresher - The session refresher (uac|uas). Defaults to 'uas'. ; ;session-timers=originate ;session-expires=600 ;session-minse=90 ;session-refresher=uas ; ;--------------------------- HASH TABLE SIZES ------------------------------------------------ ; For maximum efficiency, adjust the following ; values to be slightly larger than the maximum number of in-memory objects (devices). ; Too large, and space is wasted. Too small, and things will run slower. ; 563 is probably way too big for small (home) applications, but it ; should cover most small/medium sites. ; It is recommended to make the sizes be a prime number! ; This was internally set to 17 for small-memory applications... ; All tables default to 563, except when compiled in LOW_MEMORY mode, ; in which case, they default to 17. You can override this by uncommenting ; the following, and changing the values. ;hash_users=563 ;hash_peers=563 ;hash_dialogs=563 ;--------------------------- SIP DEBUGGING --------------------------------------------------- ;sipdebug = yes ; Turn on SIP debugging by default, from ; the moment the channel loads this configuration ;recordhistory=yes ; Record SIP history by default ; (see sip history / sip no history) ;dumphistory=yes ; Dump SIP history at end of SIP dialogue ; SIP history is output to the DEBUG logging channel ;--------------------------- STATUS NOTIFICATIONS (SUBSCRIPTIONS) ---------------------------- ; You can subscribe to the status of extensions with a "hint" priority ; (See extensions.conf.sample for examples) ; chan_sip support two major formats for notifications: dialog-info and SIMPLE ; ; You will get more detailed reports (busy etc) if you have a call counter enabled ; for a device. ; ; If you set the busylevel, we will indicate busy when we have a number of calls that ; matches the busylevel treshold. ; ; For queues, you will need this level of detail in status reporting, regardless ; if you use SIP subscriptions. Queues and manager use the same internal interface ; for reading status information. ; ; Note: Subscriptions does not work if you have a realtime dialplan and use the ; realtime switch. ; ;allowsubscribe=no ; Disable support for subscriptions. (Default is yes) ;subscribecontext = default ; Set a specific context for SUBSCRIBE requests ; Useful to limit subscriptions to local extensions ; Settable per peer/user also ;notifyringing = yes ; Control whether subscriptions already INUSE get sent ; RINGING when another call is sent (default: no) ;notifyhold = yes ; Notify subscriptions on HOLD state (default: no) ; Turning on notifyringing and notifyhold will add a lot ; more database transactions if you are using realtime. ;callcounter = yes ; Enable call counters on devices. This can be set per ; device too. ;counteronpeer = yes ; Apply call counting on peers only. This will improve ; status notification when you are using type=friend ; Inbound calls, that really apply to the user part ; of a friend will now be added to and compared with ; the peer counter instead of applying two call counters, ; one for the peer and one for the user. ; "sip show inuse" will only show active calls on ; the peer side of a "type=friend" object if this ; setting is turned on. ;----------------------------------------- T.38 FAX SUPPORT ---------------------------------- ; ; This setting is available in the [general] section as well as in device configurations. ; Setting this to yes enables T.38 FAX (UDPTL) on SIP calls; it defaults to off. ; t38pt_udptl = yes ; Enables T.38 with FEC error correction. ; t38pt_udptl = yes,fec ; Enables T.38 with FEC error correction. ; t38pt_udptl = yes,redundancy ; Enables T.38 with redundancy error correction. ; t38pt_udptl = yes,none ; Enables T.38 with no error correction. ; ; In some cases, T.38 endpoints will provide a T38FaxMaxDatagram value (during T.38 setup) that ; is based on an incorrect interpretation of the T.38 recommendation, and results in failures ; because Asterisk does not believe it can send T.38 packets of a reasonable size to that ; endpoint (Cisco media gateways are one example of this situation). In these cases, during a ; T.38 call you will see warning messages on the console/in the logs from the Asterisk UDPTL ; stack complaining about lack of buffer space to send T.38 FAX packets. If this occurs, you ; can set an override (globally, or on a per-device basis) to make Asterisk ignore the ; T38FaxMaxDatagram value specified by the other endpoint, and use a configured value instead. ; This can be done by appending 'maxdatagram=<value>' to the t38pt_udptl configuration option, ; like this: ; ; t38pt_udptl = yes,fec,maxdatagram=400 ; Enables T.38 with FEC error correction and overrides ; ; the other endpoint's provided value to assume we can ; ; send 400 byte T.38 FAX packets to it. ; ; FAX detection will cause the SIP channel to jump to the 'fax' extension (if it exists) ; after T.38 is successfully negotiated. ; ; faxdetect = yes ; Default false ; ;----------------------------------------- OUTBOUND SIP REGISTRATIONS ------------------------ ; Asterisk can register as a SIP user agent to a SIP proxy (provider) ; Format for the register statement is: ; register => [transport://]user[@domain][:secret[:authuser]]@host[:port][/extension][~expiry] ; ; ; ; domain is either ; - domain in DNS ; - host name in DNS ; - the name of a peer defined below or in realtime ; The domain is where you register your username, so your SIP uri you are registering to ; is username@domain ; ; If no extension is given, the 's' extension is used. The extension needs to ; be defined in extensions.conf to be able to accept calls from this SIP proxy ; (provider). ; ; A similar effect can be achieved by adding a "callbackextension" option in a peer section. ; this is equivalent to having the following line in the general section: ; ; register => username:secret@host/callbackextension ; ; and more readable because you don't have to write the parameters in two places ; (note that the "port" is ignored - this is a bug that should be fixed). ; ; Note that a register= line doesn't mean that we will match the incoming call in any ; other way than described above. If you want to control where the call enters your ; dialplan, which context, you want to define a peer with the hostname of the provider's ; server. If the provider has multiple servers to place calls to your system, you need ; a peer for each server. ; ; Beginning with Asterisk version 1.6.2, the "user" portion of the register line may ; contain a port number. Since the logical separator between a host and port number is a ; ':' character, and this character is already used to separate between the optional "secret" ; and "authuser" portions of the line, there is a bit of a hoop to jump through if you wish ; to use a port here. That is, you must explicitly provide a "secret" and "authuser" even if ; they are blank. See the third example below for an illustration. ; ; ; Examples: ; ;register => 1234:firstname.lastname@example.org ; ; This will pass incoming calls to the 's' extension ; ; ;register => 2345:password@sip_proxy/1234 ; ; Register 2345 at sip provider 'sip_proxy'. Calls from this provider ; connect to local extension 1234 in extensions.conf, default context, ; unless you configure a [sip_proxy] section below, and configure a ; context. ; Tip 1: Avoid assigning hostname to a sip.conf section like [provider.com] ; Tip 2: Use separate type=peer and type=user sections for SIP providers ; (instead of type=friend) if you have calls in both directions ;registertimeout=20 ; retry registration calls every 20 seconds (default) ;registerattempts=10 ; Number of registration attempts before we give up ; 0 = continue forever, hammering the other server ; until it accepts the registration ; Default is 0 tries, continue forever ;----------------------------------------- NAT SUPPORT ------------------------ ; ; WARNING: SIP operation behind a NAT is tricky and you really need ; to read and understand well the following section. ; ; When Asterisk is behind a NAT device, the "local" address (and port) that ; a socket is bound to has different values when seen from the inside or ; from the outside of the NATted network. Unfortunately this address must ; be communicated to the outside (e.g. in SIP and SDP messages), and in ; order to determine the correct value Asterisk needs to know: ; ; + whether it is talking to someone "inside" or "outside" of the NATted network. ; This is configured by assigning the "localnet" parameter with a list ; of network addresses that are considered "inside" of the NATted network. ; IF LOCALNET IS NOT SET, THE EXTERNAL ADDRESS WILL NOT BE SET CORRECTLY. ; Multiple entries are allowed, e.g. a reasonable set is the following: ; ; localnet=192.168.0.0/255.255.0.0 ; RFC 1918 addresses ; localnet=10.0.0.0/255.0.0.0 ; Also RFC1918 ; localnet=172.16.0.0/12 ; Another RFC1918 with CIDR notation ; localnet=169.254.0.0/255.255.0.0 ; Zero conf local network ; ; + the "externally visible" address and port number to be used when talking ; to a host outside the NAT. This information is derived by one of the ; following (mutually exclusive) config file parameters: ; ; a. "externip = hostname[:port]" specifies a static address[:port] to ; be used in SIP and SDP messages. ; The hostname is looked up only once, when [re]loading sip.conf . ; If a port number is not present, use the "bindport" value (which is ; not guaranteed to work correctly, because a NAT box might remap the ; port number as well as the address). ; This approach can be useful if you have a NAT device where you can ; configure the mapping statically. Examples: ; ; externip = 126.96.36.199 ; use this address. ; externip = 188.8.131.52:9900 ; use this address and port. ; externip = mynat.my.org:12600 ; Public address of my nat box. ; ; b. "externhost = hostname[:port]" is similar to "externip" except ; that the hostname is looked up every "externrefresh" seconds ; (default 10s). This can be useful when your NAT device lets you choose ; the port mapping, but the IP address is dynamic. ; Beware, you might suffer from service disruption when the name server ; resolution fails. Examples: ; ; externhost=foo.dyndns.net ; refreshed periodically ; externrefresh=180 ; change the refresh interval ; ; c. "stunaddr = stun.server[:port]" queries the STUN server specified ; as an argument to obtain the external address/port. ; Queries are also sent periodically every "externrefresh" seconds ; (as a side effect, sending the query also acts as a keepalive for ; the state entry on the nat box): ; ; stunaddr = foo.stun.com:3478 ; externrefresh = 15 ; ; Note that at the moment all these mechanism work only for the SIP socket. ; The IP address discovered with externip/externhost/STUN is reused for ; media sessions as well, but the port numbers are not remapped so you ; may still experience problems. ; ; NOTE 1: in some cases, NAT boxes will use different port numbers in ; the internal<->external mapping. In these cases, the "externip" and ; "externhost" might not help you configure addresses properly, and you ; really need to use STUN. ; ; NOTE 2: when using "externip" or "externhost", the address part is ; also used as the external address for media sessions. ; If you use "stunaddr", STUN queries will be sent to the same server ; also from media sockets, and this should permit a correct mapping of ; the port numbers as well. ; ; In addition to the above, Asterisk has an additional "nat" parameter to ; address NAT-related issues in incoming SIP or media sessions. ; In particular, depending on the 'nat= ' settings described below, Asterisk ; may override the address/port information specified in the SIP/SDP messages, ; and use the information (sender address) supplied by the network stack instead. ; However, this is only useful if the external traffic can reach us. ; The following settings are allowed (both globally and in individual sections): ; ; nat = no ; default. Use NAT mode only according to RFC3581 (;rport) ; nat = yes ; Always ignore info and assume NAT ; nat = never ; Never attempt NAT mode or RFC3581 support ; nat = route ; route = Assume NAT, don't send rport ; ; (work around more UNIDEN bugs) ;----------------------------------- MEDIA HANDLING -------------------------------- ; By default, Asterisk tries to re-invite the audio to an optimal path. If there's ; no reason for Asterisk to stay in the media path, the media will be redirected. ; This does not really work with in the case where Asterisk is outside and have ; clients on the inside of a NAT. In that case, you want to set canreinvite=nonat ; ;canreinvite=yes ; Asterisk by default tries to redirect the ; RTP media stream (audio) to go directly from ; the caller to the callee. Some devices do not ; support this (especially if one of them is behind a NAT). ; The default setting is YES. If you have all clients ; behind a NAT, or for some other reason wants Asterisk to ; stay in the audio path, you may want to turn this off. ; This setting also affect direct RTP ; at call setup (a new feature in 1.4 - setting up the ; call directly between the endpoints instead of sending ; a re-INVITE). ;directrtpsetup=yes ; Enable the new experimental direct RTP setup. This sets up ; the call directly with media peer-2-peer without re-invites. ; Will not work for video and cases where the callee sends ; RTP payloads and fmtp headers in the 200 OK that does not match the ; callers INVITE. This will also fail if canreinvite is enabled when ; the device is actually behind NAT. ;canreinvite=nonat ; An additional option is to allow media path redirection ; (reinvite) but only when the peer where the media is being ; sent is known to not be behind a NAT (as the RTP core can ; determine it based on the apparent IP address the media ; arrives from). ;canreinvite=update ; Yet a third option... use UPDATE for media path redirection, ; instead of INVITE. This can be combined with 'nonat', as ; 'canreinvite=update,nonat'. It implies 'yes'. ;ignoresdpversion=yes ; By default, Asterisk will honor the session version ; number in SDP packets and will only modify the SDP ; session if the version number changes. This option will ; force asterisk to ignore the SDP session version number ; and treat all SDP data as new data. This is required ; for devices that send us non standard SDP packets ; (observed with Microsoft OCS). By default this option is ; off. ;constantssrc=yes ; Don't change the RTP SSRC when our media stream changes ;----------------------------------------- REALTIME SUPPORT ------------------------ ; For additional information on ARA, the Asterisk Realtime Architecture, ; please read realtime.txt and extconfig.txt in the /doc directory of the ; source code. ; ;rtcachefriends=yes ; Cache realtime friends by adding them to the internal list ; just like friends added from the config file only on a ; as-needed basis? (yes|no) ;rtsavesysname=yes ; Save systemname in realtime database at registration ; Default= no ;rtupdate=yes ; Send registry updates to database using realtime? (yes|no) ; If set to yes, when a SIP UA registers successfully, the ip address, ; the origination port, the registration period, and the username of ; the UA will be set to database via realtime. ; If not present, defaults to 'yes'. Note: realtime peers will ; probably not function across reloads in the way that you expect, if ; you turn this option off. ;rtautoclear=yes ; Auto-Expire friends created on the fly on the same schedule ; as if it had just registered? (yes|no|<seconds>) ; If set to yes, when the registration expires, the friend will ; vanish from the configuration until requested again. If set ; to an integer, friends expire within this number of seconds ; instead of the registration interval. ;ignoreregexpire=yes ; Enabling this setting has two functions: ; ; For non-realtime peers, when their registration expires, the ; information will _not_ be removed from memory or the Asterisk database ; if you attempt to place a call to the peer, the existing information ; will be used in spite of it having expired ; ; For realtime peers, when the peer is retrieved from realtime storage, ; the registration information will be used regardless of whether ; it has expired or not; if it expires while the realtime peer ; is still in memory (due to caching or other reasons), the ; information will not be removed from realtime storage ;----------------------------------------- SIP DOMAIN SUPPORT ------------------------ ; Incoming INVITE and REFER messages can be matched against a list of 'allowed' ; domains, each of which can direct the call to a specific context if desired. ; By default, all domains are accepted and sent to the default context or the ; context associated with the user/peer placing the call. ; REGISTER to non-local domains will be automatically denied if a domain ; list is configured. ; ; Domains can be specified using: ; domain=<domain>[,<context>] ; Examples: ; domain=myasterisk.dom ; domain=customer.com,customer-context ; ; In addition, all the 'default' domains associated with a server should be ; added if incoming request filtering is desired. ; autodomain=yes ; ; To disallow requests for domains not serviced by this server: ; allowexternaldomains=no ;domain=mydomain.tld,mydomain-incoming ; Add domain and configure incoming context ; for external calls to this domain ;domain=184.108.40.206 ; Add IP address as local domain ; You can have several "domain" settings ;allowexternaldomains=no ; Disable INVITE and REFER to non-local domains ; Default is yes ;autodomain=yes ; Turn this on to have Asterisk add local host ; name and local IP to domain list. ; fromdomain=mydomain.tld ; When making outbound SIP INVITEs to ; non-peers, use your primary domain "identity" ; for From: headers instead of just your IP ; address. This is to be polite and ; it may be a mandatory requirement for some ; destinations which do not have a prior ; account relationship with your server. ;------------------------------ JITTER BUFFER CONFIGURATION -------------------------- ; jbenable = yes ; Enables the use of a jitterbuffer on the receiving side of a ; SIP channel. Defaults to "no". An enabled jitterbuffer will ; be used only if the sending side can create and the receiving ; side can not accept jitter. The SIP channel can accept jitter, ; thus a jitterbuffer on the receive SIP side will be used only ; if it is forced and enabled. ; jbforce = no ; Forces the use of a jitterbuffer on the receive side of a SIP ; channel. Defaults to "no". ; jbmaxsize = 200 ; Max length of the jitterbuffer in milliseconds. ; jbresyncthreshold = 1000 ; Jump in the frame timestamps over which the jitterbuffer is ; resynchronized. Useful to improve the quality of the voice, with ; big jumps in/broken timestamps, usually sent from exotic devices ; and programs. Defaults to 1000. ; jbimpl = fixed ; Jitterbuffer implementation, used on the receiving side of a SIP ; channel. Two implementations are currently available - "fixed" ; (with size always equals to jbmaxsize) and "adaptive" (with ; variable size, actually the new jb of IAX2). Defaults to fixed. ; jblog = no ; Enables jitterbuffer frame logging. Defaults to "no". ;----------------------------------------------------------------------------------- [authentication] ; Global credentials for outbound calls, i.e. when a proxy challenges your ; Asterisk server for authentication. These credentials override ; any credentials in peer/register definition if realm is matched. ; ; This way, Asterisk can authenticate for outbound calls to other ; realms. We match realm on the proxy challenge and pick an set of ; credentials from this list ; Syntax: ; auth = <user>:<secret>@<realm> ; auth = <user>#<md5secret>@<realm> ; Example: ;auth=mark:email@example.com ; ; You may also add auth= statements to [peer] definitions ; Peer auth= override all other authentication settings if we match on realm ;------------------------------------------------------------------------------ ; Users and peers have different settings available. Friends have all settings, ; since a friend is both a peer and a user ; ; User config options: Peer configuration: ; -------------------- ------------------- ; context context ; callingpres callingpres ; permit permit ; deny deny ; secret secret ; md5secret md5secret ; transport transport ; dtmfmode dtmfmode ; canreinvite canreinvite ; nat nat ; callgroup callgroup ; pickupgroup pickupgroup ; language language ; allow allow ; disallow disallow ; insecure insecure ; trustrpid trustrpid ; progressinband progressinband ; promiscredir promiscredir ; useclientcode useclientcode ; accountcode accountcode ; setvar setvar ; callerid callerid ; amaflags amaflags ; call-limit call-limit (deprecated) ; callcounter callcounter ; allowoverlap allowoverlap ; allowsubscribe allowsubscribe ; allowtransfer allowtransfer ; subscribecontext subscribecontext ; videosupport videosupport ; maxcallbitrate maxcallbitrate ; rfc2833compensate rfc2833compensate ; ignoresdpversion ignoresdpversion ; session-timers session-timers ; session-expires session-expires ; session-minse session-minse ; session-refresher session-refresher ; t38pt_usertpsource t38pt_usertpsource ; regexten ; template ; fromdomain ; regexten ; mailbox ; busylevel ; fromuser ; host ; port ; qualify ; defaultip ; defaultuser ; rtptimeout ; rtpholdtimeout ; sendrpid ; outboundproxy ; callbackextension ; registertrying ; timert1 ; timerb ; qualifyfreq ; contactpermit ; Limit what a host may register as (a neat trick ; contactdeny ; is to register at the same IP as a SIP provider, ; ; then call oneself, and get redirected to that ; ; same location). ;[sip_proxy] ; For incoming calls only. Example: FWD (Free World Dialup) ; We match on IP address of the proxy for incoming calls ; since we can not match on username (caller id) ;type=peer ;context=from-fwd ;host=fwd.pulver.com ;[sip_proxy-out] ;type=peer ; we only want to call out, not be called ;secret=guessit ;defaultuser=yourusername ; Authentication user for outbound proxies ;fromuser=yourusername ; Many SIP providers require this! ;fromdomain=provider.sip.domain ;host=box.provider.com ;transport=udp,tcp ; This sets the default transport type to udp for outgoing, and will ; ; accept both tcp and udp. The default transport type is only used for ; ; outbound messages until a Registration takes place. During the ; ; peer Registration the transport type may change to another supported ; ; type if the peer requests so. ;usereqphone=yes ; This provider requires ";user=phone" on URI ;callcounter=yes ; Enable call counter ;busylevel=2 ; Signal busy at 2 or more calls ;outboundproxy=proxy.provider.domain ; send outbound signaling to this proxy, not directly to the peer ;port=80 ; The port number we want to connect to on the remote side ; Also used as "defaultport" in combination with "defaultip" settings ;--- sample definition for a provider ;[provider1] ;type=peer ;host=sip.provider1.com ;fromuser=4015552299 ; how your provider knows you ;secret=youwillneverguessit ;callbackextension=123 ; Register with this server and require calls coming back to this extension ;transport=udp,tcp ; This sets the transport type to udp for outgoing, and will ; ; accept both tcp and udp. Default is udp. The first transport ; ; listed will always be used for outgoing connections. ;------------------------------------------------------------------------------ ; Definitions of locally connected SIP devices ; ; type = user a device that authenticates to us by "from" field to place calls ; type = peer a device we place calls to or that calls us and we match by host ; type = friend two configurations (peer+user) in one ; ; For device names, we recommend using only a-z, numerics (0-9) and underscore ; ; For local phones, type=friend works most of the time ; ; If you have one-way audio, you probably have NAT problems. ; If Asterisk is on a public IP, and the phone is inside of a NAT device ; you will need to configure nat option for those phones. ; Also, turn on qualify=yes to keep the nat session open ; ; Because you might have a large number of similar sections, it is generally ; convenient to use templates for the common parameters, and add them ; the the various sections. Examples are below, and we can even leave ; the templates uncommented as they will not harm: [basic-options](!) ; a template dtmfmode=rfc2833 context=from-office type=friend [natted-phone](!,basic-options) ; another template inheriting basic-options nat=yes canreinvite=no host=dynamic [public-phone](!,basic-options) ; another template inheriting basic-options nat=no canreinvite=yes [my-codecs](!) ; a template for my preferred codecs disallow=all allow=ilbc allow=g729 allow=gsm allow=g723 allow=ulaw [ulaw-phone](!) ; and another one for ulaw-only disallow=all allow=ulaw ; and finally instantiate a few phones ; ; (natted-phone,my-codecs) ; secret = peekaboo ; (natted-phone,ulaw-phone) ; secret = not_very_secret ; (public-phone,ulaw-phone) ; secret = not_very_secret_either ; ... ; ; Standard configurations not using templates look like this: ; ;[grandstream1] ;type=friend ;context=from-sip ; Where to start in the dialplan when this phone calls ;callerid=John Doe <1234> ; Full caller ID, to override the phones config ; on incoming calls to Asterisk ;host=192.168.0.23 ; we have a static but private IP address ; No registration allowed ;nat=no ; there is not NAT between phone and Asterisk ;canreinvite=yes ; allow RTP voice traffic to bypass Asterisk ;dtmfmode=info ; either RFC2833 or INFO for the BudgeTone ;call-limit=1 ; permit only 1 outgoing call and 1 incoming call at a time ; from the phone to asterisk (deprecated) ; 1 for the explicit peer, 1 for the explicit user, ; remember that a friend equals 1 peer and 1 user in ; memory ; There is no combined call counter for a "friend" ; so there's currently no way in sip.conf to limit ; to one inbound or outbound call per phone. Use ; the group counters in the dial plan for that. ; ;mailbox=1234@default ; mailbox 1234 in voicemail context "default" ;disallow=all ; need to disallow=all before we can use allow= ;allow=ulaw ; Note: In user sections the order of codecs ; listed with allow= does NOT matter! ;allow=alaw ;allow=g723.1 ; Asterisk only supports g723.1 pass-thru! ;allow=g729 ; Pass-thru only unless g729 license obtained ;callingpres=allowed_passed_screen ; Set caller ID presentation ; See README.callingpres for more information ;[xlite1] ; Turn off silence suppression in X-Lite ("Transmit Silence"=YES)! ; Note that Xlite sends NAT keep-alive packets, so qualify=yes is not needed ;type=friend ;regexten=1234 ; When they register, create extension 1234 ;callerid="Jane Smith" <5678> ;host=dynamic ; This device needs to register ;nat=yes ; X-Lite is behind a NAT router ;canreinvite=no ; Typically set to NO if behind NAT ;disallow=all ;allow=gsm ; GSM consumes far less bandwidth than ulaw ;allow=ulaw ;allow=alaw ;mailbox=1234@default,1233@default ; Subscribe to status of multiple mailboxes ;registertrying=yes ; Send a 100 Trying when the device registers. ;[snom] ;type=friend ; Friends place calls and receive calls ;context=from-sip ; Context for incoming calls from this user ;secret=blah ;subscribecontext=localextensions ; Only allow SUBSCRIBE for local extensions ;language=de ; Use German prompts for this user ;host=dynamic ; This peer register with us ;dtmfmode=inband ; Choices are inband, rfc2833, or info ;defaultip=192.168.0.59 ; IP used until peer registers ;mailbox=1234@context,2345 ; Mailbox(-es) for message waiting indicator ;subscribemwi=yes ; Only send notifications if this phone ; subscribes for mailbox notification ;vmexten=voicemail ; dialplan extension to reach mailbox ; sets the Message-Account in the MWI notify message ; defaults to global vmexten which defaults to "asterisk" ;disallow=all ;allow=ulaw ; dtmfmode=inband only works with ulaw or alaw! ;[polycom] ;type=friend ; Friends place calls and receive calls ;context=from-sip ; Context for incoming calls from this user ;secret=blahpoly ;host=dynamic ; This peer register with us ;dtmfmode=rfc2833 ; Choices are inband, rfc2833, or info ;defaultuser=polly ; Username to use in INVITE until peer registers ;defaultip=192.168.40.123 ; Normally you do NOT need to set this parameter ;disallow=all ;allow=ulaw ; dtmfmode=inband only works with ulaw or alaw! ;progressinband=no ; Polycom phones don't work properly with "never" ;[pingtel] ;type=friend ;secret=blah ;host=dynamic ;insecure=port ; Allow matching of peer by IP address without ; matching port number ;insecure=invite ; Do not require authentication of incoming INVITEs ;insecure=port,invite ; (both) ;qualify=1000 ; Consider it down if it's 1 second to reply ; Helps with NAT session ; qualify=yes uses default value ;qualifyfreq=60 ; Qualification: How often to check for the ; host to be up in seconds ; Set to low value if you use low timeout for ; NAT of UDP sessions ; ; Call group and Pickup group should be in the range from 0 to 63 ; ;callgroup=1,3-4 ; We are in caller groups 1,3,4 ;pickupgroup=1,3-5 ; We can do call pick-p for call group 1,3,4,5 ;defaultip=192.168.0.60 ; IP address to use if peer has not registered ;deny=0.0.0.0/0.0.0.0 ; ACL: Control access to this account based on IP address ;permit=192.168.0.60/255.255.255.0 ;[cisco1] ;type=friend ;secret=blah ;qualify=200 ; Qualify peer is no more than 200ms away ;nat=yes ; This phone may be natted ; Send SIP and RTP to the IP address that packet is ; received from instead of trusting SIP headers ;host=dynamic ; This device registers with us ;canreinvite=no ; Asterisk by default tries to redirect the ; RTP media stream (audio) to go directly from ; the caller to the callee. Some devices do not ; support this (especially if one of them is ; behind a NAT). ;defaultip=192.168.0.4 ; IP address to use until registration ;defaultuser=goran ; Username to use when calling this device before registration ; Normally you do NOT need to set this parameter ;setvar=CUSTID=5678 ; Channel variable to be set for all calls from this device ;setvar=ATTENDED_TRANSFER_COMPLETE_SOUND=beep ; This channel variable will ; cause the given audio file to ; be played upon completion of ; an attended transfer. ;[pre14-asterisk] ;type=friend ;secret=digium ;host=dynamic ;rfc2833compensate=yes ; Compensate for pre-1.4 DTMF transmission from another Asterisk machine. ; You must have this turned on or DTMF reception will work improperly. ;t38pt_usertpsource=yes ; Use the source IP address of RTP as the destination IP address for UDPTL packets ; if the nat option is enabled. If a single RTP packet is received Asterisk will know the ; external IP address of the remote device. If port forwarding is done at the client side ; then UDPTL will flow to the remote device.